What is a plant match?
Companion plants are plants that are grown together. For example, plants that like shade and light, plants with deep roots, and plants with high nutrient requirements are planted together, which is the so-called companion plant.
Several plants interact with each other to promote growth, prevent pests and diseases, increase harvest, save planting space, make full use of nutrients in the soil, and have more visual and olfactory effects. Especially the combination of vegetables and herbs has always been a favorite.
Most gardeners will choose to grow rosemary as a companion plant, perfect for blooming and flavoring.
mutual growth of plants
For example, in order to obtain more growth space and sunlight, some plants continue to stretch their branches and leaves, expand the field, block, restrict, and inhibit the growth of other species, thereby winning the "competition". When some different plants are planted together, they will soon wilt, wither flowers, and bear no fruit; some two plants wither at the same time, or even die prematurely, which we call "enemies".
Of course, plants, like animals, also have a harmonious relationship. We all know that there is a symbiotic relationship between many animals, such as rhinoceros and hornbills, sea anemones and hermit crabs, clownfish and sea anemones, etc., which are typical mutually beneficial symbiotic relationships. In the plant kingdom, there are similar symbiotic relationships, which we call "friends".
Take advantage of plant symbiosis:
Whether we are simply planting, or choose planting according to the table below to give full play to the associated role of plants, our primary consideration is to provide a suitable growing environment for plants.
Most problems can be easily solved with a Vegega loft bed. A metal raised garden bed is a multi-purpose machine with different sizes. The spacious space can be used to grow different kinds of plants on the bed without worrying about the problem of plants.
Many plants also love and help each other. Since beans can use rhizobia to increase nitrogen fertilizer in the soil, squash can provide a good mulch for corn, and jade can provide scaffolding for trailing beans.
As another example, marigold can release a chemical that kills nematodes, so it's a good companion for nematode-susceptible vegetables like tomatoes and green peppers. The sweet little flowers of dill can attract parasitic wasps, which are natural enemies of cabbage, aphids, and beetles, so dill is a good friend of cabbage and cucumber.
Also, onions cannot be grown with beans, but they are a good partner with carrots. Tomatoes and potatoes should not be grown together as they can easily spread diseases to each other.
So, understanding the friendships and likes and dislikes between plants can help us understand which vegetables and plants are good and which are not suitable to grow together in the garden. In addition to this, it is also interesting to learn about the friendship, love and hatred between plants.
1. Leeks and roses
Planting leeks and roses together can prevent the common scab on roses, effectively repel cockroaches and prevent mildew.
Because chives belong to the Liliaceae family and are related to onions, they have a strong smell and their juice has a bactericidal effect.
2. Grapes and Violets
The study found that when grapes were grown with violets, the resulting grapes were more aromatic.
This is due to pollination, both at the same or similar flowering period, which can promote the aroma of the violet-sweet blend of grapes.
3. Leeks and kale, potatoes
Leeks can produce a strong odor, repellents and sterilize, and are friends of many crops. For example, intercropping with cabbage can reduce cabbage root rot; intercropping with potatoes, potato late blight will be greatly reduced, increasing yields.
4. Garlic and Cabbage
The allicin released by garlic can sterilize and repel insects, and is suitable for interplanting with crops such as cabbage.
5. Onion and wheat, peas
The secretion of onion has a strong bactericidal effect, which can eliminate and kill wheat smut and pea black spot bacteria.
6. Aloe Vera and Crops
The secretions of aloe vera can promote the germination of wheat, tomato, potato and other plant seeds, and even promote the growth and development of these plants, thereby increasing yield.
Moreover, there are 3 kinds of mixed planting methods: mixed planting of the same hole type; mixed planting of the same vegetable edge type; mixed planting of the same vegetable field.
The purpose of mixed planting is generally to prevent pests and diseases and promote the mutual growth of vegetables.
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